On 100th anniversary of murder of Luxemburg and Liebknecht, a look at Luxemburg’s relation to the Russian Revolution

first_imgMarchers on Jan. 13 in Berlin honor martyred revolutionaries. Lead banner reads: “Luxemburg, Liebknecht, Lenin; No one is forgotten; Arise and resist.”One hundred years ago last Nov. 9, a movement of sailors, workers and soldiers forced the German Kaiser to abdicate his throne and release from prison the two top revolutionary leaders of the working class in Germany, Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, as the mass revolt ended World War I. (tinyurl.com/y9dt3svg)On Jan. 15, 1919, a gang of reactionary German military officers, who were forerunners to the Nazi Storm Troopers of the 1930s, murdered these two heroes, making them martyrs of the world communist movement. The military had the go-ahead from the right-wing Social Democratic Party running the German government.Luxemburg’s Marxist theorizing, organizingBecause Rosa Luxemburg made theoretical and organizational contributions to the Marxist movement at the highest level, it is vital for communists to examine her political development in the final 75 days of her life as she tried to mobilize and organize the working class under pre-revolutionary conditions in Germany. Another German Communist leader, Clara Zetkin, wrote a book titled “Rosa Luxemburg’s Views on the Russian Revolution” in 1922  (available since 2017 in English) that presents exactly the information needed to clarify Luxemburg’s positions at that time. In the book’s fourth chapter especially, Zetkin presents, with ample quotes, how Luxemburg quickly grasped what the workers, sailors and soldiers needed to do if there was to be any possibility of victory. It is important to clarify this question today because forces who wish to weaken the class struggle purposely distort Luxemburg’s creative Marxist thinking. These forces misuse her honest positions to attack the Russian Communist leaders who did succeed in seizing and holding power.This distortion of Luxemburg’s theory disorients present-day political activists away from using organized force — while the capitalist class continues to wields the force of the militarist state against the workers and oppressed peoples.If today’s bourgeois and social democratic politicians revile the Russian revolutionary leader V.I. Lenin more than they do Luxemburg, it is only because he led a workers’ revolution that succeeded and stayed in power for over 70 years. As hostile as the ruling classes were then and are now toward Rosa Luxemburg, after murdering her, they are happy to exploit any differences, real or imaginary, that existed between her and the Bolshevik leader. Clara Zetkin (left) with Rosa Luxemburg in 1910.In Chapter 4 of her book, Zetkin shows how, under the pressure of a near revolutionary situation, Rosa Luxemburg fought for positions that were the equivalent under German conditions to those taken by Lenin and the Bolsheviks under Russian conditions. On the question of intransigence against imperialism and against the capitalist state, Luxemburg and Lenin, two revolutionary leaders, were in complete agreement. The struggle for a revolutionary workers partyIn November 1918 the objective political conditions in Germany were similar to those that provoked the socialist revolution in Russia in 1917. The armed forces were in turmoil, led by revolutionary sailors after a disastrous war; the monarchy collapsed. A socialist revolution seemed possible. Individual revolutionary leaders — like Luxemburg, Liebknecht and Zetkin — existed. What was lacking was a revolutionary workers party trained in combat.The Social Democratic Party of Germany, which at the beginning of World War I in 1914 had over a million members, had divided into three major political tendencies, with their differences sharpening during World War I. The largest tendency, on the right, was called the Majority Social Democrats, with a leadership who voted funds for the imperialist war and joined the government during the war, betraying the workers. When the Kaiser abdicated on Nov. 9, 1918, the MSD took over the reins of the government. The capitalist parties counted on the MSD to tame the workers’ movement. Smaller but still massive was the centrist Independent Social Democrats (USPD), who opposed the war in words but stayed inside the pro-imperialist Social Democratic Party until 1917. Many USPD militants played an active role in the mass rebellion that deposed the Kaiser, but their leaders made no attempt to mobilize the masses for a socialist revolution. Instead they looked to negotiate a compromise with the Majority Social Democrats and join the government, apparently hoping to win socialism through parliamentary means. The third group was the much smaller, leftist Spartacist League. Its leaders — Luxemburg, Liebknecht, Zetkin, among them — heroically promoted using mass opposition to the war to keep pushing the class struggle forward. This group existed inside the centrist USPD as a political tendency until they founded the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) on Dec. 30, 1918.After she and Liebknecht were released from prison by the Nov. 9 mass military revolt, Luxemburg took over responsibilities for “Rote Fahne” (Red Flag), the Spartacist League newspaper — the only mass media available for revolutionaries. At the time there were hundreds of thousands of rebellious workers, soldiers and sailors in the streets daily in Berlin, though not everywhere in Germany was as “hot” as in the capital. Even in Berlin, there was no structure for a revolutionary struggle. It’s true that the state apparatus — the police and much of the armed forces — disappeared instead of protecting the monarchy. However, a pro-monarchy grouping of army officers, the Freikorps, began to attack the revolutionary workers. Meanwhile the right-wing social democrats, the MSD, ran the government, sometimes with, sometimes without the Independents. The MSD had control of most of the trade unions. Even in the Workers and Soldiers Councils, which were the nearest thing to organs of workers’ power like the soviets in Russia, the MSD or the Independents had the most influence. Luxemburg’s strategy for GermanyThe Spartacist League was too new, small and weak to act on its own. The leadership’s goal was to break the Independents away from the MSD, to win a majority for the revolutionary forces in the Workers and Soldiers Councils, and to use those councils as the basis of a new state power representing the working class. Zetkin shows that, from the very beginning as editor of Rote Fahne, not only did Luxemburg write the lead editorials, she reviewed every word in the revolutionary tribune.Luxemburg was as tough as nails. When the Independents wanted to negotiate with the MSD, she wrote, “Deeds, not deals” and “Arm the workers; disarm the police and the military.”In September 1918, Luxemburg, while in prison, had written a pamphlet differing with the Russian communists, calling on them to convoke the popularly elected Constituent Assembly. As this body was dominated by  bourgeois, anti-revolutionary parties, the Soviets pushed it aside.But by December in a Germany boiling with working-class revolt, Luxemburg was agitating for rule by the councils and not by the elected parliament-like body called the National Assembly, dominated by the MSD. In the Dec. 15 Rote Fahne, Luxemburg calls on the Central Council of Workers and Soldiers to “demand the disarmament of all front-line troops who do not unconditionally recognize the supreme power of the Workers’ and Soldiers’ Councils and who will otherwise become the personal bodyguard of the Ebert-Haase [MSD] Cabinet.” She urged workers and soldiers to “demand the disarmament of all officers and of the White Guard trained by the Ebert-Haase government and create the Red Guard.” She also called for them to “reject the National Assembly and identify it as an attack on the revolution and the Workers’ and Soldiers’ Councils.”Socialism as ‘the mightiest civil war’On Dec. 25, a spontaneous action of the workers took back a newspaper — Vorwärts — that the MSD had seized from the workers two years earlier during the war. The MSD attacked this action as “illegal seizure of property.” Rote Fahne attacked the MSD for its hypocrisy and supported this bold action of the masses that, in a small way, challenged the bourgeois monopoly of propaganda.In her “Spartacist Program,” Luxemburg wrote: “The fight for socialism is the mightiest civil war ever seen in world history, and the proletarian revolution must procure the necessary tools for this civil war; it must learn to use them — to struggle and to win.“Such arming of the solid mass of laboring people with all political power for the tasks of the revolution — that is the dictatorship of the proletariat and therefore true democracy. Not where the wage slave sits next to the capitalist, the rural proletarian next to the Junker [rural landlord] in fraudulent equality, to engage in parliamentary debate over questions of life or death, but where the million-headed proletarian mass seizes the entire power of the state in its calloused fist — like the god Thor his hammer — to smash the head of the ruling classes: that alone is democracy, that alone is not a betrayal of the people.”No matter how many times present-day political militants read the chapter of Luxemburg’s revolutionary life work, they can’t change the outcome of her death and subsequent events in Germany. They can, however, do their best to learn why Lenin, whatever his differences with Luxemburg, categorized her as an “eagle” who soared above the other working-class leaders of her epoch. Quotes are from Chapter 4 of “Rosa Luxemburg’s Views on the Russian Revolution” by Clara Zetkin, Red Star Publishers, 1917. Available from online vendors; chapter 4 available at tinyurl.com/ybbve6yn.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

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First United Methodist Church’s Summer Sunday School

first_img Community News 7 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Business News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS HerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyCostume That Makes Actresses Beneath Practically UnrecognizableHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyEase Up! Snake Massages Are Real And Do Wonders!HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty7 Most Startling Movie Moments We Didn’t Realize Were InsensitiveHerbeautyHerbeauty Faith & Youth First United Methodist Church’s Summer Sunday School Article and Photo courtesy of FIRST UNITED METHODIST CHURCH Published on Monday, July 27, 2015 | 3:15 pm Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy More Cool Stuffcenter_img First Heatwave Expected Next Week One-room summer Sunday school continues through mid-August! This year, children entering grades K-6 have the opportunity to learn about the Kingdom of God through lessons surrounding Jesus’ life and teachings. Children will be dismissed from First United Methodist Church’s 10 am Sunday Worship following Time for Young Christians.FUMC will be following Sonja Stewart’s Young Children and Worship and Following Jesus curriculum that fosters space for asking questions, wondering, and reflecting on biblical stories through liturgical practices, Scripture readings, prayer, storytelling, and interactive activities.Parents and guardians will receive weekly follow-up questions and activities so that conversations of faith can continue at home. The church will also have a weekly check-in booth prior to the service for family to connect with the Sunday school teachers and receive further information about this program.First United Methodist Church is excited and are praying for the children and the vision for this summer Sunday school program. For more information, contact Lia Lohr, One Room Sunday School coordinator, (626) 864-9490, [email protected] 2: The Most Important Commandment, Mark 12:28-34August 9: Jesus asks, “Peter, do you love me?” John 21:15-19August 16: Jesus: the Light of the World, Baptism, Matthew 28:16-20First United Methodist Church of Pasadena, 500 East Colorado Blvd., Pasadena, (626) 796-0157 or visit fumcpasadena.org. Top of the News Make a comment Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Subscribe Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Community News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m.last_img read more

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Surf Team Fundraiser on Saturday at DiOrio’s in Somers Point

first_img13-and-unders compete in the first wave of the Spring Fling Surf Contest in Ocean City. The young competitors may one day compete for Ocean City High School.A fundraiser at DiOrio’s Circle Cafe (10 MacArthur Blvd. in Somers Point) 6 to 9 p.m. Saturday (May 10) will help  send the Ocean City High School to the National Scholastic Surfing Association championship June 14 to 16 in Dana Point, Calif.Tickets are $25 and include beer, wine and appetizers. Special gift baskets will be auctioned throughout the evening. Kids’ tickets are $15.Ocean City finished third in Northeast Regional competition on Nov. 3 to advance to the nationals. The Red Raiders had won the regional for 16 years in a row and for 23 of the past 25 years. The high school competition format includes categories for short boards, long boards and women.Tickets can be purchased at the door, but event organizers are encouraging folks to buy them in advance for better planning with DiOrio’s. All surf team members have tickets available for sale. They also can be purchased by calling Tom Aromando at 609-576-7727.Donations are being accepted. Make checks payable to OC Surf Team and mail to Aromando at 824 Seacliff Road, Ocean City, NJ 08226.last_img read more

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Golar LNG Shrinks Third Quarter Loss

first_imgLiquefied natural gas (LNG) shipping company Golar LNG has managed to cut its net loss in the third quarter of 2017 on the back of an improvement in the shipping market.During the three-month period ended September 30, the company generated a net loss of USD 43.9 million, against a net loss of USD 73.8 million reported in the previous quarter of the year.The company’s operating loss was slightly less at USD 22.9 million, compared to an operating loss of USD 24 million seen in the second quarter of 2017.A pick-up in utilization toward the end of the quarter resulted in a small rise in time charter revenues which increased USD 1 million to USD 25 million in the third quarter of 2017.Following the end of the three-month period, the company completed the delivery and start-up of FLNG Hilli Episeyo, a vessel that will generate base operating cashflows under its tolling agreement of some USD 164 million per year over the coming 8 years. The unit arrived on site in Cameroon and production is expected to commence shortly.“The shipping market recovery is underway. Shipping demand has exceeded supply growth for the first time since 2013. Demand growth has been supported by a combination of additional liquefaction volumes and rising ton miles,” Golar LNG said.During September vessels began to pull out of the spot market to service dedicated volumes. Rising LNG prices in the East in response to significant demand from China and Korea also resulted in additional arbitrage opportunities and ton miles as more US volumes headed further eastward.Looking to 2018, around 45 vessels are scheduled for delivery, equivalent to 10% of the current fleet. This compares to more than 12% expected production growth for the year.“Growth in ton miles is expected to further tighten the market and this sentiment is translating into a notable increase in enquiries for term charters.”“The shipping market is showing strong signs of improving. As of today, the effective time charter rates being achieved in 4Q are more than twice that recorded in 3Q. An improving trend is expected to continue into 2018-2019 when shipping supply should lag demand created by increased production,” the company said.last_img read more

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Former Lawrenceburg Officer Claims He Was Wrongfully Fired

first_imgINDIANAPOLIS – A former Lawrenceburg Police Officer and council member says he was fired for exposing wrongdoing by city officials.Doug Taylor filed a federal lawsuit in an Indianapolis court July 25 accusing Lawrenceburg Mayor Dennis Carr and other city officials of ghost employment, theft of public money and other misconduct, the Associated Press reported.Last year, the Indianapolis Star reported that several government officials supported grants for family and those with financial ties from the Hollywood Casino in Lawrenceburg. The funds are geared toward economic development in Southeastern Indiana.Taylor had been a police officer for 22 years before being fired last September.Attorneys did not confirm or deny if federal investigators are looking into  the public corruption allegations in Lawrenceburg.last_img read more

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They’re still here: Cardinals back after long virus absence

first_img First Published: 16th August, 2020 10:11 IST After weeks of uncertainty, John Mozeliak watched the St. Louis Cardinals drop off their rental cars and prepare for work. His cell phone was filled with encouraging baseball messages instead of questions of concern.For Mozeliak, the club’s president of baseball operations, it was a very good day.“Today feels very much like opening day for the St. Louis Cardinals, and there’s a lot of excitement right now in that clubhouse,” Mozeliak said.St. Louis returned to the field Saturday for the first time in 17 days after its season was derailed by a coronavirus outbreak. The Cardinals began the day having played all of five games this season.The reigning NL Central champions were all clear for a doubleheader against the Chicago White Sox, kicking off an extended stay in the Windy City and a busy finish to the pandemic-shortened season.The Cardinals had a much different look from the team that lost 3-0 at Minnesota on July 29 in their previous game. Star catcher Yadier Molina and infielder Paul DeJong were among 18 members of the organization with confirmed coronavirus cases, shaking up the roster and coaching staff.Top prospect Dylan Carlson, first baseman John Nogowski, right-hander Seth Elledge, and left-handers Rob Kaminsky and Ricardo Sánchez were brought up from the team’s alternate training site in Springfield, Missouri. Sánchez was designated the 29th man for Saturday’s doubleheader.Carlson, a switch-hitting outfielder, was selected by St. Louis in the first round of the 2016 draft. He hit .292 with 26 homers in the minors last year.The Cardinals also placed left-hander Austin Gomber on the injured list. Gomber has not tested positive for COVID-19, but came up as a potential concern in contact tracing.Image credits: AP Associated Press Television News Written By LIVE TV COMMENTcenter_img Last Updated: 16th August, 2020 10:11 IST They’re Still Here: Cardinals Back After Long Virus Absence After weeks of uncertainty, John Mozeliak watched the St. Louis Cardinals drop off their rental cars and prepare for work. His cell phone was filled with encouraging baseball messages instead of questions of concern SUBSCRIBE TO US WATCH US LIVE FOLLOW USlast_img read more

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Hulk Hogan wants to make a wrestling comeback

first_imgBrace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City MOST READ Yu Darvish, Cubs reach $126 million, 6-year deal LATEST STORIES “When my son was sick, I borrowed money from Hulk. I just called him, he had me call some woman and I had money in my bank account in an hour,” recounted Flair. Hogan also visited Flair in Georgia when he was hospitalized.Hulk Hogan left the professional wrestling world in 2015. It happened after a controversial video surfaced showing him repeatedly using the word “nigger” which is used as a derogatory term for African-Americans. JBRELATED STORIES:Hulk Hogan, WWE part ways over racist commentsHulk Hogan seeks rematch with Gawker, sues over transcriptADVERTISEMENT NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Read Next AFP official booed out of forum “For me, I’d love to change that last story that was told with the Hulk Hogan career. I’d love to get back in the fold, get back on the inside and correct a lot of stuff,” said Hogan.He added, “It has to be the perfect timing for both sides. We’re all on good terms. We’re all working towards the same goal. So hopefully, I’ll be able to be back with my wrestling family some day soon.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutGood friend and former professional wrestler Ric Flair sat with Hogan during the interview.Flair vouched for Hogan’s generosity and compassion as a friend, stating that the man had helped him out in some of the toughest points of his life. 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Image: Twitter/@HulkHoganHulk Hogan has made it clear that he is ready and eager to return to the world of professional wrestling.Hogan has been waiting for the right timing to make his comeback, as he expressed in a recent exclusive interview with TMZ Sports.ADVERTISEMENT Rousey’s WWE deal gets ex-UFC star back in bright spotlight View commentslast_img read more

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Bellegarde email urges MPs to support bill on UN Indigenous rights declaration

first_imgAPTN National News OTTAWA—Assembly of First Nations National Chief Perry Bellegarde wrote an email to MP’s urging them to support Cree NDP MP Romeo Saganash’s private members bill to have UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People apply to new federal laws.Bellegarde sent the email to MPs across party lines Tuesday urging them to support Bill C-641 during Wednesday’s House of Commons second reading vote.If the bill fails to get enough votes it won’t go to committee for hearings and study.“Statements that the declaration is incompatible with Canada’s constitution are untrue and undermine Canada’s standing and reputation in the international community,” wrote Bellegarde, in the email, which was obtained by APTN National News. “The declaration offers a road map to correct the entrenched patters of system discrimination and the many barriers to First Nations enjoying all fundamental human rights and freedoms.”The Harper government is opposing Saganash’s bill arguing it is not compatible with the constitution and that it would give First Nations a veto over federal legislation.“Adoption of Bill C-641 provides a crucial opportunity for the federal government to engage in genuine partnership with Indigenous peoples,” wrote Bellegarde. “I urge you to vote for Bill C-641 at (second) reading…and to provide your unequivocal support to its passage and fulfillment.”[email protected]@APTNNewslast_img read more

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