Los Angeles: Rapper Iggy Azalea has announced that she would be releasing her new album on July 19. The LP would mark Azalea’s first since her debut record ‘The New Classic’, which released back in 2014. ”In My Defense: July 19th Pre Order: June 28,” Azalea posted on Instagram along side the album art. She also shared the inspiration behind her album art. ”It’s a statement about women not having the ability to defend themselves under public gaze, not rebirth. I guess I don’t feel women are really given a fair chance to be ‘heard out’ so how could anyone survive that amount of judgement. ”I wore a ‘going out’ dress and clutch because I wanted it to feel like I had been out somewhere and was clearly unprepared for a fight,” Azalea tweeted.
Hyderabad: The ruling TRS in Telangana, which has enrolled 60 lakh members during its recently-concluded membership drive, is now focused on strengthening its party organisation in the state.TRS working president K T Rama Rao, who held a meeting with the party’s general secretaries on Wednesday, told them to complete the process of constitution of party committees by August 31 and submit a report by September 1, sources said. He was told that the constitution of party committees had almost been completed, they said. Also Read – Uddhav bats for ‘Sena CM’He suggested that constituency-level (party) meetings be organised, as membership drive and constitution of party committees have come to an end. Rama Rao, son of TRS president and Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao, also reviewed the construction of party offices in districts, the sources said. The construction of party offices is going on at a brisk pace in all the districts, the sources added. TRShas enrolled about 60 lakh members during its membership drive which began in the last week of June and concluded recently. The last date for submission of membership books was August 25, party sources had said earlier. The party has got over Rs 20 crore through membership fee. It offers insurance facility to its members. TRShad returned to power in the Assembly polls held in December last with a massive majority, winning 88 of the total of 119 seats. Though the party expected to bag at least 13-14 of the total of 17 seats in Lok Sabha polls, it won nine. The loss of sitting MP and Chief Minister Rao’s daughter K Kavitha, in particular, came as a setback to the party.
Mumbai: Workload management of pacer Jasprit Bumrah and all-rounder Hardik Pandya will be the main focus when Mumbai Indians take on a rechristened Delhi Capitals in their first match of the 12th Indian Premier League here Sunday.Pandya has had two breakdowns in the last six months. A recurring back-injury first ruled him out of the Asia Cup in last September before missing the home series against Australia. Even former India pacer Zaheer Khan, who is Mumbai Indians’ Director of Cricket, felt Pandya’s workload should be monitored since he has had recurring lower back injuries. Also Read – Puducherry on top after 8-wkt win over Chandigarh”He (Hardik) has to be monitored. He’s in consultation with the team of support staff. Everything is under control,” Zaheer had said earlier this week. Mumbai Indians skipper Rohit Sharma too feels that with the World Cup round the corner, the onus is on individuals to manage their workload in the IPL. “We have been on the road for last three or four years. We have played a lot of back-to-back cricket. It depends on individuals. You should always listen to your body,” Rohit had said. Also Read – Vijender’s next fight on Nov 22, opponent to be announced laterBumrah is another player who will be closely monitored by the Indian team management in the IPL. Also it would be interesting to see how Mumbai Indians’ manage Bumrah’s workload, especially after veteran Sri Lankan speedster Lasith Malinga will miss the first six games for the franchise. Elsewhere, Rohit’s performance will also be keenly observed as he is expected to open in the World Cup. Besides, the three-time IPL winners have added legendary Yuvraj Singh to their squad, which already has a few big-hitters in Kieron Pollard, Ben Cutting, Suryakumar Yadav to name a few. On the pace front, Barinder Sran, Mitchell McClenaghan can be considered, while Krunal Pandya, Jayant Yadav, Anukul Roy, Rahul Chahar and rising star Mayank Markande provide Mumbai ample spin options. Delhi Capitals, who have changed their name from Delhi Daredevils, have Shikhar Dhawan in their armoury and the lefty-hander would be keen to get runs in the before the World Cup. Also a good outing for young players like Shreyas Iyer and stumper Rishabh Pant will bolster their World Cup chances. Delhi also boasts of Prithvi Shaw, Manjot Karla and experienced campaigners like Colin Munro and Chris Morris, who can give stability to the team. With the likes of Trent Boult, Ishant Sharma, Kasigo Rabada and Nathu Singh on board, Delhi’s bowling attack looks a potent force. Teams (from): Mumbai Indians: Rohit Sharma, Jason Behrendorff, Jasprit Bumrah, Rahul Chahar, Ben Cutting, Pankaj Jaiswal, Ishan Kishan (wicket-keeper), Siddhesh Lad, Evin Lewis, Lasith Malinga, Mayank Markande, Mitchell McClenaghan, Adam Milne, Hardik Pandya, Krunal Pandya, Kieron Pollard, Anukul Roy, Rasikh Salam, Yuvraj Singh, Anmolpreet Singh, Barinder Sran, Aditya Tare, Suryakumar Yadav, Jayant Yadav and Quinton de Kock (wicket-keeper). Delhi Capitals: Colin Ingram, Manjot Karla, Prithvi Shaw, Sherfane Rutherford, Shikhar Dhawan, Shreyas Iyer, Amit Mishra, Avesh Khan, Bandaru Ayyappa, Harshal Patel, Ishant Sharma, Kasigo Rabada, Nathu Singh, Sandeep Lamichhane, Trent Boult, Axar Patel, Chris Morris, Colin Munro, Hanuma Vihari, Jalaj Saxena, Keemo Paul, Rahul Tewatia, Ankush Bains and Rishabh Pant. Match starts at 8 pm.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s acting Special Representative, Tayé-Brook Zerihoun, travelled to Juba, the capital of Southern Sudan, where he held separate meetings with the Secretary-General of the SPLM, and the President and Vice President of the Government of Southern Sudan, Salva Kiir and Riek Machar.Mr. Zerihoun was encouraged by his interlocutors’ assurances that they will remain engaged in discussions and consultations with their National Congress Party partners, according to the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS).The decision by the SPLM has raised concerns about the future of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which ended a 21-year civil war between North and South Sudan. In a statement issued over the weekend, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged the parties to the accord to “resolve the situation in a manner that preserves the integrity of the Agreement.”Meanwhile, the UN and the African Union (AU) have provided airlift support for the Darfur rebel movements which have gathered at a SPLM-hosted conference in Juba in preparation peace talks planned for later this month with the aim of ending the conflict that has plagued the war-torn Sudanese region since 2003. The talks, to be held in Sirte, Libya, on 27 October, are being convened by Mr. Ban’s Special Envoy for Darfur, Jan Eliasson, and his AU counterpart, Salim Ahmed Salim.Also attending the conference in Juba are staff from the AU-UN Joint Mediation Support Team, who are holding meetings on the sidelines with the movements to discuss their preparedness for the Sirte talks.More than 200,000 people have been killed in Darfur and at least 2.2 million others forced to flee their homes because of fighting between the rebels, Government forces and allied militia known as the Janjaweed.Earlier this year the Security Council authorized the creation of a hybrid UN-AU peacekeeping force (known as UNAMID) to try to quell the violence. The operation is scheduled to take over from the existing AU mission by the start of next year.In a related development, the UN announced today that it has awarded Pacific Architect Engineers, Inc. a contract for the initial Multi Function Logistics Services in Darfur for a period of six months in support of UNAMID. The contract, which is for up to a ceiling of $250 million, covers the establishment of new camps for some 4,100 military and civilian personnel and the provision of camp services including catering, medical, janitorial, welfare and upkeep. 15 October 2007The top United Nations official in Sudan has met with members of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) to discuss its recent decision to withdraw from the Government of National Unity.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appreciated Mr. Fayyad’s “strong efforts” and commended his “leadership and his commitment to improving the lives of all Palestinians,” said Mr. Ban’s spokesperson in a statement. “The United Nations looks to build on his achievements for the Palestinian state-building and development agenda, and will continue to work with the Palestinian leadership, under President Abbas, on achieving the two-state solution,” he continued in the statement. In a separate statement, the UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, Robert Serry, said that Mr. Fayyad “has not only been an interlocutor I personally hold in the highest esteem, but also a valuable partner for the international community, including the United Nations.”Mr. Serry met with Mr. Fayyad earlier today to “express on behalf of the United Nations appreciation for his achievements.” “The United Nations recognizes that Prime Minister Fayyad had to contend with circumstances that kept constraining the success of the state-building agenda he led together with President Abbas,” Mr. Serry’s statement continued. “And which is now – in the absence of a credible political horizon – at serious risk.”Speaking to the UN Security Council in March, Mr. Serry said it is incumbent on the UN, and the international community overall, to help Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Mr. Abbas overcome their differences. He also affirmed that, with people in the Middle East facing a period of “extraordinary challenges and turmoil,” establishing the groundwork necessary for a credible Israeli-Palestinian peace process remains a core priority for the UN.
Any Buckeye will tell you there’s not much that tops the feeling of defeating “that team up north.” The Ohio State wrestling team is no exception. “It’s Ohio State — Michigan. We don’t like each other,” senior captain Colt Sponseller said. “That’s evident when we wrestle each other.” The misconception that the rivalry is limited to football is something the team looks to dispel. “A lot of people think it’s just football, but it’s all sports,” Sponseller said. “It’s a real big deal.” The Buckeyes have beaten Michigan the past three years, and look to extend that to four when they host the Wolverines at 7 p.m. Friday. “We’ve won the last three; we want to continue to win against Michigan,” coach Tom Ryan said. “Our group understands the importance of the rivalry.” The competition brings a different approach to the week preceding it. Ryan said he showed his team a video of the football rivalry, and the wrestlers know it is not just an ordinary dual. “The whole Ohio State atmosphere with Michigan — we want to beat them; they want to beat us,” sophomore captain Ian Paddock said. “So, that always adds to the competition.” Members of the winning team will receive gold singlets, like the gold pants trinkets given to victorious football players. Though their records are near opposites — Michigan is 7-2 and the Buckeyes are 2-6 — Ryan said he believes a win is within the Buckeyes’ sights. “We’re looking for a win,” he said. “Despite the struggles we have had, I think the matchups are favorable for us.” A Buckeye victory against the Wolverines rests on the outcome of one key matchup. “It’ll come down to the 197 pounds,” Ryan said. “It’ll be the key match of the night for both programs.” Sponseller said his team is ready for the dual and eager to take on its rival. “Everybody gets geared up,” he said. “It always feels like there’s a rivalry.” Ryan said his captains need to step up for the dual and lead the team to victory. Sponseller said he isn’t taking the challenge lightly. “Not trying to be an enforcer,” he said, “but trying to be a motivator.” The fans will play a key role in Friday’s dual, Sponseller said. “The crowd means a lot,” he said. “It feels like you have an 11th man out there.” Sponseller said he has one plan. “I just plan on going out there,” he said, “and beating Michigan.”
“Their commitment has grown individually by 27 per cent or roughly four per cent a year, enabling the overall sum to rise by 10 per cent.“But in 2016 for the first time the total coming out of planned giving declined,” he said. The debate over the Archbishops’ Council’s budget for 2019, which sets out the national church’s spending priorities, also heard from members who were concerned that millennials were not donating to local churches.Julie Dziegiel, the treasurer of a parish in the diocese of Oxford, said: “We need to address the issue of giving by our millennial generation, the future of the church, but they are saddled with student debt and looking at being unable to buy a house.”Mr Spence said the church was introducing initiatives such as contactless collection and text giving to appeal to millennials.He said contactless collection at services “can be very useful for churches that have significant numbers of visitors or when people come for weddings or funerals.“They so often don’t have cash in their pockets, so they can be deployed then, and these are the sorts of things we need to do to have a more enterprising future.”Annika Mathews, a member of the Church of England youth council, said young people were likely to move from church to church as they studied and moved for jobs, and so found it difficult to commit to regular giving. “I have been to about four different churches in the past few years, from moving around from year to year.“It would be helpful for young people to have some online ways of giving, maybe some monthly debits to the church, as we – and I speak for myself at least – don’t tend to carry change all the time to churches,” she said. The Church of England has seen a fall in planned donations for first time in 50 years as it says millennials are not taking up the mantle of previous generations.Money given through direct debits and standing orders has fallen for the first time since records began in 1964, it was revealed on Monday.John Spence, chair of the Archbishops’ Council Finance Committee, told its governing body, the General Synod, that in 2016 income coming from planned giving fell by 0.4 per cent.Figures for 2015 show that a total of £337.5m was given to the church this way, suggesting that there was a fall of around £1.35m in 2016.The donations formed around a third of the money collected by parishes in 2015, which Mr Spence said rose by 1.8 per cent overall because of other sources of funds.He warned that young people were not replacing older churchgoers in donating money to the church, which was leading to a dent in income.“An 81 year old is eight times more likely to go to church than an 18 year old.“And that’s having its impact on finance. The numbers of people in our planned giving schemes declined by 13 per cent since 2010. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings.
BEAUMONT HOSPITAL HAS asked visitors to stay away due to a flu outbreak which has hit 113 people at the hospital so far.The Dublin hospital has warned that visiting restrictions will remain in place throughout the bank holiday weekend in a bid to try to halt the spread of the virus.Only essential visits will be allowed and can only take place during a window of two hours each evening between 6pm and 8pm.Children have been banned from visiting the hospital in any circumstances and anyone with any flu-like symptoms has also been asked to stay away.The hospital warned that influenza carries risks to all patients but especially those with seriously underlying medical conditions, and appealed to the public to cooperate with the restrictions “for the common good”.The outbreak began in mid-February.Read: 13 people died of influenza during Ireland’s last flu season >
Campaigners say data collection on domestic violence in Ireland at ‘crisis point’ A one-day conference in Dublin is urging agencies to gain a better understanding of violence against women in Ireland. 32 Comments Share Tweet Email1 Friday 9 Dec 2016, 1:16 PM File photo Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article http://jrnl.ie/3129544 By Sean Murray File photo Image: Shutterstock/Kamira Image: Shutterstock/Kamira THE COLLECTION OF data and analysis around domestic and sexual violence in Ireland is at “crisis point”, according to the National Women’s Council of Ireland (NWCI).The council’s director, Orla O’Connor said that, because “official statistics do not detail the level and depth of violent crime against women”, it is impossible to determine the extent of the problem.To help address this issue, the NWCI has convened a half-day conference entitled the Irish Observatory on Violence against Women, organised in conjunction with the European Parliament.Speakers at the conference include representatives from the government, the Central Statistics Office and Tusla.In particular, the conference calls on all relevant agencies to increase their knowledge and understanding, and work towards ratifying the council of Europe convention on violence against women, also called the Istanbul convention.Under the terms of the convention, “it is the obligation of the state to address [violence against women] fully in all its forms and to take measures to prevent [it], protect its victims and prosecute the perpetrators.Failure to do so would make it the responsibility of the state.Sharing dataGetting all the agencies involved in recording violence against women is essential to ensuring Ireland follows the terms of the Istanbul convention, and protects women in the State, according to O’Connor.She said: “We urgently need our State services – An Garda Siochana, Tusla, HSE, the Courts Services and the CSO to come together to record data accurately, and importantly to share the data and subsequent analysis.Our current system is archaic and not fit for purpose.Noeline Blackwell, director of the Dublin Rape Crisis Centre added: “To reduce violence against women, we need to understand the scale of the problem, and for that we need quality data.“Reliable and comparable statistics help us to assess the effectiveness of policy measures and services in place, estimate the resources needed to tackle the issue and track progress over time.”Government commitmentSpeaking at the conference, Minister of State for Justice David Stanton said that Ireland still has “a way to go” on its journey with regard to its collection of data on cases of all forms of violence against women.He also referenced the Second National Strategy on Domestic, Sexual and Gender-based Violence 2016-2021 as a sign that the government was serious about tackling the issues.Stanton said: “In addition to the important actions dealing with education and awareness raising, there are specific actions for the collection of data, the provision of services to victims of sexual violence and for holding the perpetrators of sexual violence to account.These actions include timelines for their implementation.Stanton added that the office with primary responsibility for implementing this strategy, Cosc was coordinating with the gardaí, the CSO, the courts service, Tusla and others to ensure that these aims were met.He said: “Some challenges are being experienced due to system and structural changes, limits to resources in information technology, and matters related to information sharing.However, I am assured that all involved are extremely committed to resolving these issues and will, in turn, facilitate work to be undertaken for the ratification of the Istanbul Convention.Stanton concluded that the collection and coordination of data on violence against women was “an absolute imperative if we are to prevent such violence”.In a statement released to TheJournal.ie the HSE said that national guidelines for its Sexual Assault Treatment Unit had stressed “high quality response from inter-agency teams to survivors of sexual violence.A spokesperson said: “These initiatives are the result of collaboration between all the services involved in providing this care, and ensure that multidisciplinary guidance is available to enable provision of a responsive service, to reduce the long-term physical and psychological effects of sexual violence.”According to a recent report published by Women’s Aid, over 200 women in Ireland have suffered violent deaths since 1996.Of these, 131 women died in their homes, while 87% of them were killed by a man they knew.Read: Femicide has claimed the lives of over 200 women since 1996, says reportRead: ‘I’m not a victim, I’m a survivor’: MP gives powerful speech about being raped at 14 Dec 9th 2016, 1:16 PM Short URL 6,891 Views
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram Mike Sweet, who has worked for Neos Kosmos for six years, has been made a member of the Press Gallery at Federal Parliament.The appointment was confirmed this week by president of the Parliamentary Press Gallery committee David Speers – political editor for Sky News Australia. Sweet’s reporting has regularly covered federal political stories and his membership of the Press Gallery will allow Neos Kosmos greater access to MPs, senators, and the latest breaking news from Parliament House.Between 2008 and 2011 Mike lived and worked in the Greek capital, reporting for the Athens News. It was while living in Greece that Mike first started writing for Neos Kosmos. His media career includes employment with the BBC in the UK and in Asia. Sweet – a Philhellene originally from Wales – has worked as a journalist and documentary producer since setting up home with his wife and children in Australia in 2003, and been a freelance contributor to The Age, The Australian and other titles. He is currently writing and producing a documentary for ABC Radio National on the Anzac story in Greece.Sweet told Neos Kosmos: “Being a member of the Parliamentary Press Gallery allows great access to federal politicians, to press conferences, and the workings of parliament, and I’m excited about the opportunities that it will give me – to report on federal politics at its heart.“Covering the actions of MPs of Greek descent, and how the debates and decisions here affect the Greek Australian community, is going to be an important part of my work, and one that I very much look forward to on my visits to Canberra.”The Federal Parliamentary Press Gallery is made up of some 250 accredited media, consisting of mostly journalists. The history of the Press Gallery dates back to 9 May 1901 in Melbourne, where 31 journalists covered the first sittings of parliament. In 1927 the Press Gallery moved to Provisional Parliament House (now called Old Parliament House) in Canberra. In 1988 it moved into its current location within the corridors of Parliament House on Capital Hill.
If you spot a fire in Ridgefield this morning, don’t be alarmed.Clark County Fire & Rescue will conduct the first of two live-fire training exercises this weekend beginning at about 10 a.m. today.The structures were donated by the Port of Ridgefield, according to a media release. Firefighters today will be at 298 S. 45th Ave. On Saturday they’ll be just a few blocks away, at 448 S. 45th Ave. The Saturday training, too, will be at 10 a.m.South 45th Avenue, south of Pioneer Street, will be closed during the training sessions, which are expected to last several hours.
AUBURN — A driver who fled from a Washington State Patrol shot himself to death as the chase came to an end early Wednesday on Highway 167 in Auburn.The patrol says the chase began in Renton and ended about 1 a.m. after a spike strip was used to flatten both right-side tires. The car suddenly veered to the left into a barrier and came to rest in the grassy median.When troopers approached they found the 34-year-old man dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.
Global cloud-based technology organisation Salesforce has spent approximately $3 million (£2.4 million) on salary adjustments to address unexplained differences in pay.The organisation adjusted the salaries of 11% of its employees, effective from 1 April 2017.The pay amendments follow the organisation’s second equal pay audit, which assessed staff salaries and bonuses globally. The audit also considered differences in pay across race and ethnicity, as well as gender, for US-based staff.As part of the equal pay assessment, employees were grouped into comparable roles to analyse any unexplained differences in compensation.In 2016, Salesforce spent almost $3 million to address statistically significant differences in pay following its first equal pay audit.The equal pay assessment initiative forms part of the organisation’s ongoing strategy to advance equality within the business. This includes a focus on equal pay, equal opportunities, equal education, and equal rights.The organisation has pledged to evaluate its workforce on a continuing basis to ensure that pay is consistent for comparable roles.Cindy Robbins, executive vice president, global employee success at Salesforce, said: “The need for another adjustment underscores the nature of pay equity; it is a moving target, especially for growing [organisations] in competitive industries. It must be consistently monitored and addressed. Salesforce will continue to focus on equality, diversity and inclusion at all levels, and we plan to review employee compensation on an ongoing basis. “I’m proud of the strong stance we’re taking as [an organisation] and of the hard work that has gone into building our approach to equal pay. We are on a journey to improving equality at Salesforce.”
Employee Benefits poll: Three-fifths (61%) of respondents believe that equal pay should be available across all age groups, with a universal minimum wage.A straw poll of www.employeebenefits.co.uk readers, which received 59 responses, also found that 14% of HR and benefits professionals do not agree with the Labour party’s proposal that the lower minimum wage tier for younger staff be abolished. These respondents instead agreed that younger employees do not have as much experience, and therefore should not be paid the same as more seasoned peers.Around 8% of respondents think that abolishing the lower minimum wage tier for younger staff will simply increase employers’ wage bills too much, and 12% disagree with the proposal for other reasons.In comparison, 5% believe that the lower minimum wage tier needs to be abolished because living costs are higher now and pay should reflect this across all age groups.At a Young Labour event on 11 May 2019, the Labour Party announced that if it comes into power it will abolish the lower ‘youth rate’ of the minimum wage, which applies to employees aged below 18.As of April 2019, the national minimum wage for employees aged under 18 was set at £4.35 per hour, while those aged 25 and over earn a minimum of £8.21 per hour. In November 2019, the Living Wage Foundation calculated that the real living wage for UK employees is £9 per hour, and £10.55 for those based in London.The party has stated that it will provide targeted support for small to medium enterprises (SMEs) to enable them to pay these higher wages, using savings following a reduction in the amount the Treasury pays out for in-work benefits.Do you think annual leave should be used to recognise length of service? Vote in our latest poll today…
Kylie Jenner.Instagram/Kylie JennerKylie Jenner sure had a surprise for Travis Scott for his 28th birthday. The Keeping Up With The Kardashians star reportedly threw a lavish gas station themed birthday party complete with an on-site tattoo parlor for Travis Scott’s 28th birthday.But the real surprise was when the reality star personally tattooed her boyfriend. Supposedly the power couple already have matching butterfly tattoo on their ankles in an apparent reference to her partner’s song Butterfly Effect. The bash went down at an undisclosed location that was decorated to look like a foggy gas station. There was, of course, a Slurpee machine, plastic wrapped junk food and neon lights, as well as gas station, themed decor like paper towels, motor oil, etc at the party. Kylie JennerKylie Jenner Official Instagram (kyliejenner)Kylie Jenner and Travis Scott sure seem to be in love, even after all the cheating rumours surrounding Travis Scott. Kylie Jenner has a daughter with Travis Scott and the young mogul confessed earlier that she would be up for having a second child as well. Speaking to Interview Germany “I always knew I wanted to be a young mother. I remember people used to ask, ‘Are you ready for this?’ And I always knew I was ready but you don’t know what that love and that feeling is like until after you have a child. She really comes before me so that is a lot to take in at a young age but I feel like I was definitely made for this and she has changed my life for the better.”Kylie Jenner has turned into a very successful businesswoman with her cosmetics business and her lip-kit business. You can check out the video here:
Aerial photo of the San Andreas Fault in the Carrizo Plain, northwest of Los Angeles. Credit: Wikipedia. Citation: Researchers replicate supershear earthquakes in the lab (2013, June 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-06-replicate-supershear-earthquakes-lab.html (Phys.org) —A team of geology researchers working in France has for the first time recreated the conditions in a lab that lead to a phenomenon known as a supershear earthquake. In their paper published in the journal Science, the researchers describe how they found that compressing granite under certain conditions caused ruptures to propagate faster than shear waves leading to an observable supershear event. Explore further Earthquake acoustics offer hint that a tsunami is imminent, researchers find More information: From Sub-Rayleigh to Supershear Ruptures During Stick-Slip Experiments on Crustal Rocks, Science 7 June 2013: Vol. 340 no. 6137 pp. 1208-1211 DOI: 10.1126/science.1235637ABSTRACTSupershear earthquake ruptures propagate faster than the shear wave velocity. Although there is evidence that this occurs in nature, it has not been experimentally demonstrated with the use of crustal rocks. We performed stick-slip experiments with Westerly granite under controlled upper-crustal stress conditions. Supershear ruptures systematically occur when the normal stress exceeds 43 megapascals (MPa) with resulting stress drops on the order of 3 to 25 MPa, comparable to the stress drops inferred by seismology for crustal earthquakes. In our experiments, the sub-Rayleigh–to–supershear transition length is a few centimeters at most, suggesting that the rupture of asperities along a fault may propagate locally at supershear velocities. In turn, these sudden accelerations and decelerations could play an important role in the generation of high-frequency radiation and the overall rupture-energy budget. In a “normal” earthquake, seismic waves are generated as a result of faults in the Earth’s crust that rupture. At the same time, deep within the Earth, shear waves are generated that also propagate but are not felt on the surface. Shear waves tend to move much faster than seismic waves. Sometimes, though, in very rare instances, seismic waves gain a boost in speed and wind up propagating faster than sheer waves. The result is what geologists call a sonic-boom type of earthquake that can be far worse than its magnitude would indicate. Supershear earthquakes have been recorded occurring in nature just a few times, but until now have never been reproduced in the lab.To recreate the special conditions that lead to a supershear earthquake, the researchers subjected slabs of granite to very high pressure—pushing them together while also applying sideways pressure until they slipped against one another—releasing a wave of energy. It’s the same type of experiment used to study various types of earthquake conditions. In this instance, the researchers replicated the experiment 200 times—each time taking careful measurements with acoustic sensors. The team found that by manipulating the pressure exerted they could induce supershear like conditions. Their experiment was the first ever to succeed in recreating a supershear earthquake-like event in the lab. More importantly, it also shows that supershear earthquakes can occur at a much smaller level than researchers had believed. This means, they say, that such earthquakes should be able to occur much more often in the real world.The results obtained by the researchers aren’t a sign that people should worry, however, because it’s quite possible that the conditions in the lab were optimal for the creation of supershear earthquakes, most specifically the presence of smooth even granite surfaces—this is generally not the case in nature, and likely why they occur so seldom in the real world. The researchers suggest it’s possible that many supershear earthquakes happen in nature, but we don’t know about them because they occur in sections of faults that don’t move. © 2013 Phys.org Journal information: Science This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Older people who help and support others may live longer than those who do not, a new study has claimed.Researchers, including those from Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Germany, conducted survival analyses of over 500 people aged between 70 and 103 years, drawing on data collected between 1990 and 2009.The researchers compared grandparents who provided occasional childcare with those who did not, as well as with older adults who did not have children or grandchildren but who provided care for others in their social network. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe results of their analyses show that this kind of care-giving can have a positive effect on the mortality of the carers.Half of the grandparents who took care of their grandchildren were still alive about ten years after the first interview in 1990.The same applied to participants who did not have grandchildren, but who supported their children – for example, by helping with housework. In contrast, about half of those who did not help others died within five years. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe researchers were also able to show that this positive effect of care-giving on mortality was not limited to help and care-giving within the family. The data analysis showed that childless older adults who provided others with emotional support, for example, also benefited.Half of these helpers lived for another seven years, whereas non-helpers on average lived for only another four years. “But helping should not be misunderstood as a panacea for a longer life,” said Ralph Hertwig from Max Planck Institute for Human Development.“A moderate level of care-giving involvement does seem to have positive effects on health. But previous studies have shown that more intense involvement causes stress, which has negative effects on physical and mental health,” said Hertwig.As it is not customary for grandparents in Germany and Switzerland to take custodial care of their grandchildren, primary and custodial caregivers were not included in the analyses. Researchers think that prosocial behaviour was originally rooted in the family.“It seems plausible that the development of parent’s and grandparent’s prosocial behaviour toward their kin left its imprint on the human body in terms of a neural and hormonal system that subsequently laid the foundation for the evolution of cooperation and altruistic behaviour towards non-kin,” said Sonja Hilbrand from the University of Basel in Switzerland.The study was published in the journal Evolution and Human Behaviour.
Established in April 1953, Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management (IISWBM), the first management institute in India, still stands out to be one of the most reputed and acknowledged management institutions of the country. Enlightened Indians like Pt Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy, the then Chief Minister of West Bengal and Prof DK Sanyal set up the institution keeping a unique dimension in mind. With social welfare programmes and management courses under the same roof, this institute has earned numerous accolades to its name. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfOver the decades, IISWBM has successfully kept its intellectual tradition alive by recruiting imminent faculty members, preserving the learning environment, nurturing intellectual minds, and maintaining infrastructure facilities. With sixty four years into management, its journey has been studded with glorious achievements. Being one of the highest ranking B-schools since its inception, the institute might soon get upgraded to a University and with the new campus coming up in the satellite city of Kolkata (Newtown), the institute has plans to start some academic programmes there by 2019. Involved in research and consultancy work, several faculty members have won many prestigious awards and the Institute itself boasts of alumni in various prestigious organisations both in India and abroad. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveProf (Dr) Amitava Sarkar, the Director of IISWBM, who has long been associated with the institute, opens up about their success story, uniqueness and big plans ahead.What separates IISWBM from other management institutes?This is the first management and social welfare institute that started in India. We have our heritage. When we started, the concept of bringing social welfare programs and business management courses together was one of a kind; a concept alien to many. After all, social welfare programs in order to survive, need to be managed well and similarly, if management studies are devoid of any ties to social welfare, it will fail. I don’t think there are institutions where these two fields are together under the same roof and even if there are such institutions, they definitely did not start back at the time we did. From early 1950s onward, we have always tried to remain relevant, keeping in tune with upcoming demands. What should be done so that more people get access to education?I believe we have quite a number of good institutions offering programmes in various fields. And the lack of access that we have faced a couple of decades back has gone down to a great extent. We have not been able to match up with the demands in certain fields with openings in higher education institutions. I don’t want to blame the planners or the government but this happens because it is a fast changing world. We don’t know which particular field is going to occupy the centre stage two years down the line or what particular demands are going to come up and we are always a couple of steps behind in supplying the required academic programmes and institutions. That’s where the mismatch happens. This is mainly due to fast changes and our inability to forecast. Which are some of the offbeat courses that are offered in your institution?Apart from the flagship programs like Master of Business Administration, Master of Human Resource Management, the Institute also conducts full-time programmes in affiliation with the University of Calcutta in Sports Management, Media Management, and Retail Management among others. We offer programmes in fire safety management as well. We have also condensed our three years MBA evening program into 2 years and the response has been amazing. We are the first institution to start with a two -year full time MBA evening program. In addition, the Institute introduced an M Phil programme since 2014, and plans to commence a PhD programme, affiliated to University of Calcutta to match demands for higher/research studies in management, social welfare and public systems.Our faculty is very actively involved in research and projects. We offer our expertise in number of projects for various government and non-government institutions. We also work very closely with NTPC, Adani and Reliance among others. We are also collaborating with the Reserve Bank of India as they want us to conduct a training program on induction, and mentor their senior as well as junior officers.Is there any new collaboration with a foreign university on its way?I have a different view with regard to collaboration. If we look into collaboration itself carefully, we will see that many foreign institutions are coming here for students and they try to use institutions as agents. But essentially what they do is that Indians and foreign institutions train the students for two terms each and give them a joint certificate. However, there are only a few who can afford it. In my opinion, I would like to collaborate in terms of research, in terms of faculty and students exchange and not in terms of just offering a joint programme. As a matter of fact, the collaboration that I’m talking about in terms of research has always been there. We share ideas, articles and invite each other, which is much more effective. Otherwise collaborations do not serve any real purpose. Probably, there is some flamboyance in collaboration, but if looked into carefully, it doesn’t serve much purpose. What, in your opinion, distinguishes the Indian system of education, from those abroad?I believe that the distinction which we used to face three or four decades back, is not there that much. There’s a usual kind of complaint that comes from the industry that our syllabus/ curriculum is often outdated; the curriculums do not match the industry requirements, particularly in India. But I don’t think that’s totally true. I agree that it used to be like that a few decades ago but not any longer. I ask industry people whether they have actually taken a look at the curriculum and in most cases the answer is ‘no’. 90 per cent of those who criticise blindly our education systems, saying that it is not up to the mark or lagging behind from what are offered abroad, particularly in the West, don’t see them carefully. I know for a fact that there’s no significant difference in the programmes. The question should be about deliverance. They may have better teachers there or better systems of deliverance, or better students who can accept what is taught but we are no less. Yes, there are problems of delivery. Although I agree that it is acute in India, western countries also face this at some level or the other. Look at how eagerly they look for Indian software developers. Given the recent happenings, if all the Indian software developers have to come back, then I don’t know what they will do. So this problem is not unique to India or the developing countries. Lack of funding also leads to several problems. Many colleges can’t afford proper equipment at labs or other means of technology needed for better learning. But it is not that we do not know about these problems. I really hope people start looking beyond the surface level. Tell us about the new campus…We have our new campus coming up in Rajarhat (Newtown). It’s been a year that work has started and the entire foundation piling has already been completed. Situated in the so called academic hub, it will have a 12 storey academic building, separate girls’ and boys’ hostels, and staff quarters. In fact, last week we had a meeting with HIDCO and it was decided that by 2019 it would be at least partially complete so that we start teaching some of the courses there. We would like to do it a bit sequentially. Of course the entire establishment is not going to shift at one go as it is neither desirable nor possible. Our USP is this location.
Kolkata: State Agriculture department is conducting a survey to ascertain the quantum of damage to paddy cultivation in various districts caused by the cyclone ‘Fani’ that hit the state late Friday night.State Agriculture department has instructed its officials to carry out a detailed survey, to ascertain the loss which paddy farmers faced in the districts immediately the incident happened. Following the instruction from the department, the officials started visiting various villages and examining the paddy fields. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe officials will also examine to ascertain whether the farmers producing other food grains had suffered any such loss. The department may extend financial assistance to the farmers who have incurred loss due to the severe cyclone. The effect of the cyclone in the state was less as it lost the intensity while entering Bengal. The department officials have already started the survey works. They have been visiting all the districts which were hit by the cyclone. After assessing the situation the department officials will submit to the state agriculture minister. The final decision on the financial assistance will be taken after examining the survey report in detail. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in state”The paddy farmers in various districts have lost their crops due to the cyclone. The farmers who are among the worst-hit are from the districts of East Midnapore, East Midnapore, Murshidabad, Birbhum and Nadia. We are considering how they can be compensated after going through the report,” a senior official of the department said. The department is also chalking out an elaborate plan on how to extend financial assistance to the farmers in the cyclone affected districts. The district and the block level officers are carrying out the survey not only to ascertain the loss and also identify the beneficiaries who are entitled to get the compensation. State government introduced various schemes to protect the farmers from incurring any loss caused by such incidents. It may be mentioned that Bengal is the first state in the country to introduce crop insurance scheme, where the beneficiaries will not have to pay any amount as insurance premium in case of any natural disaster.