Why Smarter Voice Assistants Means Youll Have More Time to Work on

first_img In the same way the first iPhone changed how we viewed cellphones, Google Duplex, a new digital voice assistant that can make calls and sets up appointments on our behalf, is showing us that voice assistants can do more than just purchase laundry detergent and play music.Duplex reframes our view of voice assistants from a clever user interface meant for consumers only, into a powerful business tool that can get almost anything done, independently of you.  Of course, as the intelligence of assistants grows, so do people’s anxiety. HAL 9000’s red eye hovers over any discussion of AI assistants like a menacing cyclops. And the advance of AI certainly poses serious questions about automation and work. The ethical concern raised over Duplex mimicking a human assistant isn’t needless handwringing. Fortunately, these anxieties are neither new nor unanswerable. Because thankfully, as AI get smarter, we entrepreneurs get smarter right along with them.  Related: This Is How to Get Started With AI When the Only Thing You Know Is the AcronymThe future of AI looks more like cooperation than competition.The power to increase your mental horsepower comes from harnessing AI assistants to do two distinct tasks:  Carry out brain-taxing, menial tasks for you so you can focus on higher-level workCombine your natural abilities with tasks that machines do better, like analyzing massive datasetsTo imagine how AI can immediately be integrated into daily life, consider a typical office meeting. Now, instead of every important decision made during that meeting evaporating the moment it ends, imagine an AI assistant using natural language processing to transcribe the meeting notes. Instead of everyone leaving with a fuzzy idea about what to do next, imagine an AI assistant using machine learning to process that transcription to pull out and assign the action items for each attendee. The current AI revolution digitizes such mundane tasks and spoken work done in our offices — making us smarter by collecting, storing and analyzing the kinds of information we don’t normally give to computers.  Related: Walking With AI: How to Spot, Store and Clean the Data You NeedAI assistants will continue, like Duplex, to be narrow in scope, typically serving a single purpose, and be very good at what they do. Rather than using a single voice assistant for everything, a team of these programs likely will share the burden of the 1,000 menial brain tasks we do every day. They will not be human replacements, but they will be tools for driving specific outcomes.  A 2017 survey by PwC found that 31 percent of business and IT leaders name AI assistants as the top innovation they expect to change their business. For comparison, automated data analysis (29 percent) and automated communications (28 percent) came second and third. Around 80 percent of those same executives see huge potential in AI to alleviate repetitive tasks like paperwork, scheduling and timesheets.  In fact, PwC estimates that AI could be worth $15.8 trillion in increased global GDP by 2030.  Incorporating AI assistants into a team requires some work.Teaming up with AI requires knowing how to cooperate with a different type of intelligence. Many people don’t know how to team up with AI assistants because they misunderstand how they work. The mystery surrounding AI leads people to think of it as some magical machine consciousness — often one that many suspect has bad intentions (see the half-joking/half-serious news articles about Alexa’s maniacal laugh for proof).  And it may be this misunderstanding that’s holding some entrepreneurs back from leveraging these powerful new tools. Yet, for entrepreneurs asking themselves, “Where do we even start?” — the answer couldn’t be simpler: just start.  Related: How AI Can Make Customer Service More EfficientCompanies that begin using AI now will, in the long run, significantly outperform those that do not.  After all, as most entrepreneurs know, first-mover advantage is everything and the best education comes from direct experience. Google proved their commitment to be an AI-first company this year. They even rebranded Google Research as Google AI. But they’re not the only ones driving AI forward. As Google was demoing Duplex, Microsoft presented their own vision of an AI assistant that could turn meeting chatter into notes and actions. Amazon continues to build out Alexa as a platform for voice assistants, and the applications for IBM’s Watson keep growing as well. As these companies turn their AI technology into platforms for other developers to use, the amount of AI-powered tech will explode. Alexa already has more than 10,000 skills added by other companies, and Google just made some of its AI tools available to developers through ML Kit. Whatever the long-term fate of Duplex and other new AI business offerings, they definitely signal the transition of such assistants from convenient novelties to serious tools for amplifying work.   Dave Damer AI can do brain-draining menial tasks flawlessly, so you can focus on the higher-level work no machine can do. Next Article 5 min read Founder & CEO of Testfire Labs Add to Queue Why Smarter Voice Assistants Means You’ll Have More Time to Work on Your Business Technology –shares June 27, 2018 Enroll Now for $5 Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Fireside Chat | July 25: Three Surprising Ways to Build Your Brand Guest Writer Image credit: Busakorn Pongparnit | Getty Images Learn from renowned serial entrepreneur David Meltzer how to find your frequency in order to stand out from your competitors and build a brand that is authentic, lasting and impactful.last_img read more

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Google Fails to Dismiss Privacy Lawsuit Over Google Wallet

first_img Reuters This story originally appeared on Reuters Next Article Legal Issues 2 min read Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Google Fails to Dismiss Privacy Lawsuit Over Google Wallet Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business April 2, 2015 A federal judge has rejected Google Inc’s request to dismiss a lawsuit accusing the technology company of invading the privacy of users of its Google Wallet electronic payment service by sharing their personal information with outside app developers.In a decision on Wednesday night, U.S. District Judge Beth Labson Freeman in San Jose, California said Google must face claims it breached users’ contracts, violated the federal Stored Communications Act which limits disclosure of electronic records, and violated a California consumer protection law. She also dismissed two other claims.Freeman said Google Wallet users may try to show that Google “frustrated” the purpose of its own privacy policy by allowing “blanket, universal disclosure” of their personal information to app developers whenever they bought apps in Google’s Play Store.The lead plaintiff is Alice Svenson, an Illinois resident who said Google sent unnecessary personal information about her to YCDroid when she paid that developer $1.77 for an email app.She said Google raised the risk of identity theft by routinely sending information about Google Wallet users such as addresses and zip codes, phone numbers and email addresses to app developers.Svenson said the Mountain View, California-based company ceased the practice soon after the lawsuit was filed in Sept. 2013. Her lawsuit seeks class-action status, damages of $1,000 per violation, punitive damages and other remedies.Google spokeswoman Anaik Weid declined to comment on Thursday. Lawyers for the plaintiffs did not immediately respond to requests for comment.Launched in 2011, Google Wallet stores credit and debit card information, and lets shoppers pay for goods by tapping their phones against special terminals at store checkout counters.To boost U.S. demand, Google in February partnered with AT&T Mobility, T-Mobile USA and Verizon Wireless to pre-install Google Wallet on Android smartphones.In October, rival Apple Inc said it would include its Apple Pay mobile payment service in its iPhone 6 line.The case is Svenson et al v. Google Inc et al, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California, No. 13-04080.(Reporting by Jonathan Stempel in New York; Editing by David Gregorio) Add to Queue –shares Register Now »last_img read more

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Miller Heiman Group Enhances Coverage as International Demand for Sales Performance Solutions

first_imgMiller Heiman Group Enhances Coverage as International Demand for Sales Performance Solutions Intensifies PRNewswireMay 9, 2019, 7:00 pmMay 9, 2019 Byron MatthewsIndependent Distribution PartnersMarketing TechnologyMiller Heiman GroupNewssales performance solutions Previous ArticleLemnisk Partners With Infosys Finacle to Co-Innovate on Digital Marketing Solutions for BanksNext ArticleZeta Global and AUDIENCEX Enter Into Strategic Partnership Global Sales Performance Powerhouse More Closely Integrates with Regional Independent Distribution Partners to Drive Worldwide GrowthMiller Heiman Group, the global leader in improving sales performance through training, technology, consulting and research, announces plans to align the company’s regional Independent Distribution Partners (IDPs) under the Miller Heiman Group brand. These developments position the company to meet the growing demand for sales performance solutions worldwide.Miller Heiman Group plans to more closely integrate the company’s regional partners in Argentina, Brazil, France, India, Italy, Mexico, the Middle East, South Africa, Spain and Sweden throughout the next 12 months. Four of these partners—India, Italy, Spain and Sweden—are already represented under the millerheimangroup.com URL in native language. Additionally Scout, Miller Heiman Group’s sales analytics platform, supports French, German, Italian and Latin American Spanish languages.According to President and CEO of Miller Heiman Group Byron Matthews, offering sales performance solutions on a regional level is driven by marketplace demand. “Today’s global sellers must manage intense competition and pricing pressures while they are simultaneously urged to decrease time spent out in the field,” he says. “These challenges require Miller Heiman Group, now more than ever, to partner with our clients locally to help them build world-class sales and service functions.”Marketing Technology News: Persistent Systems Joins Siemens’ MindSphere Partner Program to Bring Industrial IoT Solutions to MarketOffering this breadth and depth of service, in region, was a challenge in the past; many of the IDPs sold only a limited number of Miller Heiman Group offerings. Now, each partner will be able to sell the entire Miller Heiman Group product portfolio in their local language, offering customers proprietary research, technology, consulting and training programs. This also means access to all the resources of the global organization, including more robust sales, marketing and customer service support.Miller Heiman Group is making a difference for global sales organizations through these enhanced regional partnerships. Allen Mueller, chief revenue officer of Miller Heiman Group, explains, “For years, Miller Heiman Group has worked with trusted partners based in each of the local markets we serve. These partners began inquiring about how they could sell a wider portfolio of products, support a broader set of resources and expand their territories. By deepening these relationships, we now ensure that these sellers, and their clients, will receive what they need to achieve success now and in the future.”The integration comes at an opportune time, according to Richard Hilton, managing director of the EMEA region for Miller Heiman Group. He says, “Miller Heiman Group’s regional growth, layered on top of our investment in technology and our established methodology, will help drive success for sellers across EMEA. This is of particular importance as many sales organizations in EMEA face an uncertain economic climate in a rapidly changing geopolitical environment.”Marketing Technology News: Amazon or Alibaba: Freedonia Compares These Global E-Commerce LeadersTim MacCartney, managing director of the APAC region for Miller Heiman Group, adds, “Asia now accounts for nearly two-thirds of global economic growth, according to the International Monetary Fund. This expansion marks a pivotal step forward for Miller Heiman Group in helping organizations harvest the opportunity that awaits them in APAC.”Following the successful launch of Scout and Strategic Selling with Perspective (the company’s updated core methodology) this past summer, this international advancement catapults Miller Heiman Group into a technology-driven global powerhouse. With the full weight of the company’s resources behind them, Miller Heiman Group sellers around the world now possess the tools to help clients deliver remarkable change while revolutionizing seller behavior.Marketing Technology News: Demandbase ABM Ecosystem Launches to Connect Technology, Software and Data Providers for Better ABM Executionlast_img read more

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Health Insurance Exchanges Likely To Offer Wide Choice

first_imgNBC News reports the exchanges may offer an “overwhelming” array of plans to choose from to people who have not purchased insurance before. Other media detail how the federal government is attempting to streamline the enrollment process and how states are racing to meet deadlines to set up the marketplaces.NBC News: Health Insurance Exchanges: Be Ready To Be OverwhelmedTwenty-four states now have been approved to set up their own health insurance exchanges, just seven months before people can start to enroll. That leaves the federal government to run 26 exchanges according to its own rules. No one’s quite sure yet what they will look like, but it’s becoming increasingly clear that many of them, at least, will provide an overwhelming range of choices for millions of people who may never have had to choose health insurance before (Fox, 3/13). Kaiser Health News: Capsules: Dick And Jane Sign Up For The ExchangeSigning up for health insurance is intimidating — even if you know you might get some help paying for it. The federal government is trying hard to come up with a way to make the process a bit more palatable — about as simple as, say, doing your taxes online (Gold, 3/13).Kaiser Health News: Capsules: Colorado Sets Its Exchange Fee The price of policies in Colorado’s health insurance exchange will include a 1.4 percent fee to help fund exchange operations. The state’s exchange board voted to enact the fee Monday. Board Chairwoman Gretchen Hammer characterized it as lean compared with the 3.5 percent fee the federal government is expected to tack on to policies sold in states that are not setting up their own exchanges (Whitney, 3/13).The Washington Post: Small-Business Health Exchange Mandate Will Go To D.C. CouncilA District board is moving full steam ahead with a controversial plan to require small businesses in the city to purchase their employee health insurance through a government exchange (DeBonis, 3/13).The Associated Press: Nonprofit Insurance Exchange Plan Clears State HouseThe state House on Wednesday approved an Idaho-based, nonprofit insurance exchange, a provision of President Barack Obama’s health care overhaul that inflamed passions of lawmakers during seven hours of debate. The vote was 41-29. All 13 Democrats but a minority of House Republicans, 28 GOP lawmakers, backed the plan pushed by Gov. C.L. “Butch” Otter to use about $30 million in federal grants to build Idaho’s own insurance exchange (3/13). HealthyCal: Spreading The Word About California’s Health Care ExchangeCalifornia’s new health insurance marketplace — part of federal health reform — is preparing a massive information blitz to let state residents know about their new options for buying coverage. The health benefit exchange, called Covered California, will start enrolling members in October of this year for insurance coverage that will begin next January (Potter, 3/14). MinnPost: Three Major Health Exchange Hurdles Remain As Legislators Rush To Meet DeadlineDemocrats are racing to come together on Minnesota’s most significant health reform in the last half-century, with just days remaining before the deadlines start rolling in. Health insurance exchange backers say they need to wrap up serious differences in the exchange legislation between both legislative chambers by midnight Wednesday to get the bill to the House floor on Thursday, which has been the goal (Nord, 3/13). Health Insurance Exchanges Likely To Offer Wide Choice This is part of the KHN Morning Briefing, a summary of health policy coverage from major news organizations. Sign up for an email subscription.last_img read more

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Fathers age shown to affect health of offspring

first_imgA significant number of these negative birth outcomes were estimated to be prevented if older fathers had elected to have children before the age of 45 years. The risks associated with advancing paternal age should be included in discussions regarding family planning and reproductive counselling.” Sources:Infants of older fathers are more likely to be less healthy at birth.Association of paternal age with perinatal outcomes between 2007 and 2016 in the United States: population based cohort study. BMJ. 31st October 2018. By Sally Robertson, B.Sc.Nov 2 2018Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)A new study conducted at Stanford University in California has shown that infants of older fathers are less likely to be healthy at birth, compared with infants of younger fathers. Image Credit: Tatiana Shepeleva / ShutterstockThe authors say the risks of poorer health remain low, but that the study suggests men should be included in preconception care and the health implications of rising paternal age should be investigated further.Traditionally, women have been encouraged not to leave having children until their late thirties and forties because of the increased risk to their offspring and themselves. It is widely believed that aging does not carry the same risks for men. However, the current study suggests that paternal age also has an impact.Few studies have assessed the effect paternal age may have and those that have, have mainly looked at the risk of congenital diseases.As reported in the BMJ, the Stanford researchers examined data available for 40,529,905 births that took place between 2007 and 2016 for the influence of paternal age on various health outcomes of babies and mothers.After adjusting for maternal age, maternal smoking status, the number of prenatal visits, race and education, children with fathers aged 45 years or older were born an average of 0.12 weeks earlier than babies with fathers aged 25 to 34 years and were at a 14% greater risk of being born prematurely (at less than 37 weeks.)The children of fathers aged 45 plus were born an average of 20.2g lighter and were at a 14% greater risk of low birth weight (less than 2500g). Their risk of being admitted to neonatal intensive care was also 14% greater and their risk of having seizures was 18% greater.In addition, the infants of fathers aged 55 years or more tended to have lower scores on a test of newborns’ health called the Apgar test.The study also showed that women carrying the baby of fathers aged 55 plus were at a 34% greater risk of developing gestational diabetes.The researchers emphasise that this is an observational study, meaning no firm conclusions about cause and affect can be drawn. However, they suggest that changes in the sperm of older fathers could explain the results.They also stress that the overall risks of the poorer health outcomes is probably still low, but that rising paternal age is associated with a negative health impact on mothers and babies.last_img read more

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Storage failures of eggs and embryos gain a new perspective

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Nov 20 2018On March 3, 2018, a liquid nitrogen storage tank at the University Hospitals Fertility Center in Cleveland failed. Dr. Eli Adashi, a professor of medical science at Brown University’s Warren Alpert Medical School, characterized the event as a “tragic accident” in which 950 patients lost more than 4,000 frozen eggs and embryos.However, one couple’s wrongful death lawsuit following the incident, which seeks to establish that embryos should be treated as “persons” under the law, could have “a chain of profound implications for other families,” Adashi says.In an “Ideas and Opinions” article published on Nov. 20 in Annals of Internal Medicine, Adashi and co-authors I. Glenn Cohen, a professor of law at Harvard University, and Dov Fox, a professor of law policy and bioethics at the University of San Diego, wrote about the potential implications should the Ohio court hearing the case rule in favor of the couple. They argue that a ruling in favor of the plaintiffs could lead to limits on abortion, stem cell research and in vitro fertilization (IVF).”It would be a sad irony if a legal claim aimed at protecting the rights of those who lost their ability to reproduce had the effect of limiting the reproductive rights of countless others,” the authors wrote.The plaintiffs in the case, Wendy and Rick Penniman, are challenging a legal precedent in Ohio establishing that “a fetus that is not yet viable is not a ‘person’ under its wrongful death law,” the authors wrote. The challenge is based on “the grounds that the ‘life of a person begins at the moment of conception,'” the article notes.A ruling that embryos are “persons” could be used as grounds to limit abortion rights, the authors say, as well as to potentially restrict research on embryonic stem cells. There could be implications for the future of IVF as well.”IVF would be significantly compromised,” Adashi said. “If a clinician were to freeze embryos, and some do not survive the process, how would that be dealt with? Would that be manslaughter? One needs to view this suit in that context. The implications are of national interest. They go beyond the pro-life / pro-choice debate and reach into the very conduct of IVF and other fertility promotion techniques.”Legal limitationsRelated StoriesScientists develop universal FACS-based approach to heterogenous cell sorting, propelling organoid researchSchwann cells capable of generating protective myelin over nerves finds researchMost women glad to do genetic testing before IVF, reports surveyThe authors also discuss the limitations of conventional legal strategies tried in similar cases, including breach of contract, medical malpractice, negligent infliction of emotional distress, and loss of property.Many fertility clinics require patients to sign waivers that explicitly excuse liability for storage failures due to negligence, limiting breach of contract suits, the authors wrote. Medical malpractice also doesn’t apply in a case such as this, because the egg-harvesting procedures were performed properly. And in Ohio, negligent infliction of emotional distress requires the plaintiffs to be “bystanders” to a physical threat to another person; in this case, they did not witness the tank failure, the authors wrote.The last strategy, loss of property and medical costs, doesn’t fully capture the painful disruption of “family-building plans,” Adashi said. However, these are the legal grounds the other 70 other patients affected by the accident are pursing in their class-action lawsuit.The legal system hasn’t established appropriate venues for seeking damages for the destruction of eggs or embryos, he added. “At this point, there’s no clarity in the courts as to how to deal with cases like this.”Revising regulationsAccidents happen, but more needs to be done to limit and track them, Adashi said.”It was a wake-up call for a lot of people in the field,” he said. “How do we deal with something like this? How do we prevent something like this? Who should be in charge?”Professional societies in the fertility field are evaluating the root cause of the incident and are working on new recommendations and guidelines, Adashi said, in an effort to avoid similar situations in the future.The authors note that currently there are few federal regulations pertaining to assisted reproduction technologies and there is no system for tracking reproductive errors in the U.S. Because agents from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) already visit IVF labs to screen donated human tissues for communicable diseases, Adashi says the FDA would be the most relevant agency to assume responsibility for the liquid nitrogen freezers involved in assisted reproduction clinics and track accidents involving eggs and embryos. Source:https://news.brown.edu/articles/2018/11/embryoslast_img read more

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CWRU awarded NIH grant to identify effective treatments for intimate partner violence

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Feb 14 2019Project will identify most promising interventions and help providers tailor treatmentsCase Western Reserve University School of Medicine’s Gunnur Karakurt, PhD has been awarded a four-year, $1.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to identify effective treatments for intimate partner violence (IPV), and to develop a decision-making tool for care providers. The project involves analyzing national data to identify subgroups of people who respond similarly to specific IPV treatments. By combining findings with a meta-analysis of the literature and computer modeling, clinicians will be better able to choose between evidence-based treatments.The project aims to reduce inequalities of current treatment methods, Karakurt said. “Standard treatment for IPV is typically gender-specific, involving anger management groups for offenders and support groups for victims. Grouping this way marginalizes the effect of background and circumstance.”Karakurt, a licensed marriage and family therapist, and an associate professor of psychiatry at the medical school, will lead a multidisciplinary team of epidemiologists, biostatisticians, and computer scientists to analyze data for the project. Karakurt will collaborate with colleagues from University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Metro Health, and Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute for the project.Victims and perpetrators of IPV will be separated into subgroups based on factors that may contribute to violence and influence treatment effectiveness. Treatment outcomes will be analyzed not only on the basis of demographic and socioeconomic background, but also with different IPV methods, severities, social contexts, and comorbidities. Using advanced prediction modeling techniques, treatment outcomes will then be systematically tested and characterized for each identified subgroup.Related StoriesPersonalizing Nutritional Medicine With the Power of NMRIt is okay for women with lupus to get pregnant with proper care, says new studyAXT enhances cellular research product portfolio with solutions from StemBioSysThe project considers nuances and complexities that underlie IPV. Each IPV case differs in violence form, severity, and mutuality within the relationship. Perpetrators and victims of IPV include both men and women with varying physical, mental, and emotional treatment needs.”Unfortunately, many individuals who do not respond well to treatment aren’t offered alternative treatments specifically tailored to their situation,” Karakurt said. There are currently no tools available to accurately assess and select optimal treatment for each individual IPV case. The newly funded project will use findings to generate a clinical decision-making tool that could help millions of men and women who succumb to IPV each year connect with relevant care.The tool may help steer care providers away from generic, broad spectrum IPV treatments. Customizing treatments to reflect IPV variability could also improve outcomes for certain subgroups. According to recent estimates, nearly a quarter of women in the United States will experience IPV in their lifetime.”Inequalities arising from age, gender, race, ethnicity, economics, immigration status, and all kinds of other factors play a role in the path toward violence,” Karakurt said. “Our goal is to help overcome treatment inequalities so all individuals have an equal chance at improving their lives.”​ Source:http://casemed.case.edu/cwrumed360/news-releases/release.cfm?news_id=1656&news_category=8last_img read more

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Researchers to extend service life of nuclear reactors and improve their safety

first_imgCooperating with students from the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Russia), scientists from the Kurchatov Institute (Russia) have used new technology to extend the service life of the VVER-440 reactor up to 45 years, saving the cost of dismantling the old vessels. The results of the research were published in the Journal of Nuclear Materials. A water-water energetic reactor vessel, the most popular type of reactor in the world, the VVER-440 is one of the most important units in a nuclear power plant. Its safety and operating efficiency largely define the safety level of the nuclear plant.When operating, a reactor vessel is subject to fast neutron exposure, which results in radiation hardening (loss of plasticity) in the reactor’s base metals due to the formation of nanoscale radiation-induced defects and phases.Due to reactor vessel exposure to radiation and operating temperature (~ 300оС), segregations of impurity elements are formed on grain boundaries, which results in a reduced strength of these grain boundaries. The formation of harmful impurity segregations in grain boundaries results in reduced crack resistance in the metals.This limits the life cycle of the reactor vessel, as the probability of a brittle fracture upon reflooding it with cold water in case of emergencies increases over time. In 1991, in order to extend the service life of the VVER-440 reactor vessel, scientists conducted a recovery annealing process on a number of these vessels, thus extending their service life up to 45 years.Researchers say that in order to extend reactor service life up to 60 years, they would need to carry out a second recovery annealing process after conducting preliminary studies of the structure and mechanical properties of a reactors’ base metals, one that has been in operation for a long time after the first annealing.The technology for recovery annealing was developed and patented at the Kurchatov Institute. It requires a certain temperature, holding time, a rate of heating to different annealing temperatures required for different stages, and a cooling rate.The method is based on cutting out samples, or templates, from the inner surface of functional VVER-440 vessels and conducting comprehensive studies, re-annealing and restudying these templates.”It is essential to conduct this procedure so we can give recommendations on further extending the service life of the reactor vessel and determine the rate of post-annealing radiation embrittlement,” said Yevgeniya Kuleshova, Professor at MEPhI’s Institute of Nuclear Physics and Engineering.The researchers claim that this new method can extend the service life of these reactors up to 60 years, thus saving the considerable cost of dismantling old reactors and building new ones. “Conducting re-annealing with this technology results in the dissolution of radiation-induced precipitation and defects as well as grain boundary segregations,” Kuleshova stated. “This leads to the restoration of the original properties and structures of the base metals, increasing their service life. That is why we need to know more about the structure and mechanical properties of the reactor vessel base metals at different stages in their lifespan, including after re-annealing.”In the course of this research, scientists used modern high-resolution methods, such as transmission and raster electron microscopy, atom probe tomography and Auger electron spectroscopy. To determine the level of the metals’ radiation embrittlement, researches carried out mechanical tests on static tension and impact bending.”The participation of MEPhI students in this research showcases the connection Russian students have with real science and the economy, which allows them to work on scientific developments and solve large-scale problems while they are still studying at the university,” Kuleshova said. “This increases their knowledge and competence levels, and benefits the country’s economy.” Explore further More information: E.A. Kuleshova et al. Phase and structural transformations in VVER-440 RPV base metal after long-term operation and recovery annealing, Journal of Nuclear Materials (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.01.049 First EPR nuclear reactor goes on stream in Chinacenter_img Provided by National Research Nuclear University Citation: Researchers to extend service life of nuclear reactors and improve their safety (2018, July 19) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-07-life-nuclear-reactors-safety.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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